chanter_greenie: a Pringles can with the words 'you can't write just one' written across it (drabbles are like pringles)
[personal profile] chanter_greenie
This poem has been sponsored by the midnight sponsor, and I'll be calling you that for ages now, you know, [personal profile] mama_kestrel!

for continuity's sake, this comes before nearly anything else in the series, with the possible exception of 'Local Interference'.


The possibility starts circulating
in the big sunlit studio building in Hilversum,
and nobody can quite pinpoint its source.
It's like an illness that way,
only this time it's the germ of an idea
rather than a head cold
or that awful stomach flu
that took half the Bahasa service down
for a week last autumn.

Broadcasts to the States?
From us?
What's this?
Where'd this come from?
You're kidding?
You're dreaming.
Wait, you actually mean it.
You do, don't you?

And, just like the more usual sort of bug,
once it starts, it doesn't stop.

It gets talked about, in corridors,
in mutters between 'better collect up your notes' and 'you're on the air',
in moments of downtime over coffee and tea.
So, about this rumor going round--
mediumwave broadcasts to the States?
What's this about?
You did say mediumwave, right?
With the free speech mandate in place--hmm.

It's a good idea, says just about everyone,
because it's been plain for years that things in Washington's territory
are bad, longterm bad,
worse and getting moreso - not North korea
or Eritrea or Zimbabwe levels of awful,
but plenty foul on a different sort of axis -
and if journalists aren't meant
to spread the truth, the whole truth,
and fight the good fight from the airwaves,
then what are they meant for?
There's biased reporting, after all,
and then there's reality.

The idea gets around,
and around,
and around and around and around.
And somewhere in there, it becomes less viral
and more like an acretion disc,
or maybe a tower
being volunteer-built stone by stone.

The Americans would be livid,
a few cautious voices murmur,
would accuse them of spouting propaganda,
would say they're trying to foment reaction
from a--or maybe the--seditious fringe,
would call them pawns of a Dutch government
with obvious ulterior motives.
Ha, reply the veterans on staff.
Nothing we haven't heard before
about the shortwave programs we run.
And that's from a few quarters, mind,
including the District of--heh heh--Columbia.
10 of whichever coin you choose says Bush House
has had the same thing slung at them
twice as many times as us.

So, really?
Broadcasts to the States?
Broadcasts... from Canada, apparently,
because there's a transmitter site at Sackville, New Brunswick
with an MW setup for some
of the CBC North services to use,
and evidently the Canadians are willing
to share that setup with the Dutch.
One of the higher-ups must have asked about that one,
so this isn't just somebody's daydream after all.

Huh, wow.
So.

Definitely more like a tower.
It doesn't fizzle out.
It strengthens as it rises.

So it's real?
This thing, this expanded branch
of the North American service,
this--yes, yes, Stateside political fury is a given--
this desperately necessary line,
say the expat Americans among the station staff,
has legs?
It's not just wishful thinking?
It might actually be happening?

Finally somebody calls a meeting about it,
at nine o'clock on a Tuesday morning
in the big open all-purpose room
with two score of windows in its walls.
This isn't an official thing, comes down from the directors,
it's not mandatory, but there are plenty of chairs,
and a couple of volunteer somebodys
are going to be taking notes for sure.

This might really be happening.

By the time that meeting's convened,
the concept's grown to something nebulous and is
hanging out in the space between;
it's bigger than a rumor,
smaller than a definite truth.
The handful of bare known facts
get written down,
once in Dutch and once in English,
scrawled on a freestanding blackboard just out
of the glare of the frontmost windowpanes.
Better to a) be safe
and b) save time on explanations later.

Mediumwave broadcasts of Hilversum's programming, the blackboard says,
in English (maybe Spanish, maybe other languages later).
Aimed at the States, transmitted
via Sackville, New Brunswick in Canada.
Just the northern States for now,
considered a test.
Our directors and station management say yes,
and are letting us decide some details
since they plot the route
and we do the driving, so to speak.
The Canadians say yes.
Time? Frequency?*

*Time and frequency subject to CBC okay;
it's their house, its their toy,
and the northern provinces need radio too.
Remember how to share, children.

Producers are there.
Engineers are there.
Journalists and newsreaders and program hosts are there.
As it happens, it's a man who doubles
as producer and humorous host
who finally shouts "Eh! Iedereen y uitgepraat - alright already!"
and cuts the general babble
down to a few last murmurs and a couple of chuckles.

He's the one who outlines the details -
yes, this is for real, really really honest,
yes, everyone essentially knows why,
yes, the Americans will probably be furious
but that's a foregone conclusion.
Yes, everyone from the top on down
does know, or should know,
what they're getting the station into, positive and negative,
doing this.
it's not as if Hilversum hasn't done its part
as the proverbial lantern before,
and I don't flat out need to say
Radio Oranje, do I?
That provokes a few nods, some understanding and solemn,
some newly comprehending,
and one or two distinctly proud.

"we can work on the time thing later," he says,
once the handful of questions he fields
have become a handful of answers of varying complexity,
including a few frank 'I don't know yets' -
staffing? Can we volunteer?
Yes, but that yes is tentative just now.
Visas?
Work visas, known issue,
to be sorted out with the Canadian government.
Jamming?
Probably anticipate some.
The notes on that blackboard are getting more elaborate by the minute.
"We need to pick a frequency, to start."

Pause.

Long pause.

"1000 kilohertz," suggests a Dutch presenter
with silver studs in both his ears,
sounding like he's opening bidding at an auction. 
"That's the middle of the dial, so it's simple." 

"No," a woman from the Spanish service counters almost immediately,
"it'll conflict with a sports talk station in Chicago. 
That thing's bad enough
when I'm at home in Hamilton--uf!" 
Several other North Americans wince. 

"If that whole continent tunes by tens--550?"
muses an Englishman from the mailbag program. 
"Too low," somebody murmurs from the right side of the room
at almost the same moment
as a second person near the back mutters "Vreemde!" 
and sparks at least two or three snickers from the assembly.

"We'd step on Saint Kitt's,"
an English-language host with a west African accent says over the amusement,
and the man who'd put the idea forward in the first place
drops it with a shrug
and a nod of understanding. 
That's the end of that. 

"1180," a soft Irish alto suggests next,
somewhere near the center of the room.
"New York," four separate people chorus
with varying levels of urgency.
"Oh, is there?" says the journalist interestedly.
"I didn't have a clue.
Right, not there, then."

"540," a young producer tries,
in a voice midway between alto and tenor. 
"Definitely too low," interjects the baritone of the older Nederlander
who'd started off the whole meeting. 
"Even if Saskatchewan and Iowa weren't already on that frequency,"
he tells his colleague,
"it's no good going much below 800 in northern summer.
It's all noise,
and the further north you go, the worse it gets. 
People would never be able to hear us
unless we broadcast at midnight,
and even then we'd be full of static. 
Probably thunderstorms crashing, too." 

"I'm not working a broadcast at midnight,"
yawns a coffee mug-clutching engineer
with her back to the nearest window. 
"I don't care what part of the world I'm in." 
Fully a third of the room
chuckles the whole 540 suggestion straight off the table. 

"It's a thought, though," a reporter says slowly. 
"Stepping on someone else's frequency,"
another correspondent giggles at her friend,
"or broadcasting in the middle of the night?" 

"Neither," chuckles the Englishwoman,
"although it is Saint Kitt's that's got me thinking. 
Just because North America tunes by ten kilohertz steps," she says,
"doesn't mean we have to do the same. 
If we follow that convention, we're bound to interfere
with at least one licensed station over there.  Probably more." 
Her question hangs unvoiced in the air - so why are we? 

"Easier for Americans to tune,"
a senior engineer reasons in a rumble. 
"Don't they build some of their radio dials
so they turn only in increments of ten
when they're down on AM? 
Cars, and things?" 

"Cars and trucks we do,"
says a transplanted presenter's warm alto,
"but household radios and handhelds
we usually don't. 
If a set has a dial meant for hand tuning,
it should be fine." 

"A lot of American cars have a seek button too,"
says Eric a little carefully, and the program host from the States
nods confirmation of his phrasing at him.
"The same as they've got in the U.K. or over here.
So you'd think the frequency wouldn't really matter."

"Would they stop in between local frequencies though?"
asks the Dutchman with the silver earrings.
"I mean, they're not programmed so they only
land on the tens when they're seeking,
or something?"

There's a moment's silence.
"I don't know," Eric admits,
and the expat American DJ frowns.
"Neither do I," she says.
"I never had occasion to test that before I left,
and now I wish I had done!"

Eric looks thoughtful, and maybe a little wistful.
"If I can ever get a car of my own
imported from over there," he says,
"I'll find an off-frequency broadcast
and try it for myself."

"Ooooh," crows the coffee-drinking engineer
as across the room, someone starts singing
an off-key yo ho ho,
"close encounters of the unregistered kind!
Better get yourself an aluminium foil hat, Eric mate."

"Or just the registered kind with a really badly-tuned transmitter,"
deadpans the older man from the same department,
and his junior nearly spits out the dregs of her drink for laughing.

"You and American cars,"
grins the newsreader who'd first mentioned Saint Kitt's
as he waves a hand in Eric's direction.
"I know what your salary is. Keep dreaming."

"Okay, okay," says the soft tenor
of a veteran reporter,
and the babble dies down.
Almost everyone turns in time to see
his small smile and the twinkle in his eyes
as he makes his call to order.
"Come on, you chatty lot," he says fondly.
"We do need to worry about the fine details,
but before we can,
we need a frequency to pin them on."

There's another pause.
Then a slightly longer one.

"1440," suggests the American DJ quietly.

"Hmm," says the senior producer in the room.

"I know that's right on a North American step," the expat says,
"but for whatever reason, there aren't many stations
using that frequency in the local north,
so there's much less chance
of stepping on anyone we'd rather avoid.
And it makes the car radio issue moot."

"I've heard a couple people call 1440
a graveyard frequency before,"
says the Canadian from the Spanish service
who'd nixed the first suggestion offered.
"As in there's nobody big and loud sitting there already,
so you never know what you might hear, you know?
I mean, there are some fair possibilities, but a lot of the time--"
She makes a wobbly hand gesture in midair,
palm toward the tabletop.

There's a low-voiced murmur somewhere in the room,
pitched on a thoughtful, interested note.
then another.
And another and another.

"Isn't there some English expression,"
says the young Dutch producer with the androgynous voice,
"about ringing a bell in a graveyard
when someone is awake?"

One newsreader slaps her forehead with a groan.
Another chuckles with amusement.
"Graveyard shift," confirms the Irishwoman
in the center of the gathering.
"That's a little different,
but considering the situation--it fits, you know?"

"The most fitting phrase I can think of here,"
says the veteran reporter's tenor,
"is 'quite the reverse'."
A second person groans,
and somebody snorts a laugh.

"Ja," says the senior engineer,
"as in we ring the bells
and wake up the living.
Or at least, we ring the bells
and prove that the people aren't dead.
I'll take that over the alternative."

The reasons might vary,
considering how humor's starting to tangle up
with practicalities, but the fact is,
heads are suddenly nodding all around the room.

"1440," says the expat American DJ simply.

Nobody objects.


Notes spin the dial:

*Radio Netherlands Worldwide (RNW) has its studios in Hilversum, Holland. There really are windows everywhere in that building.

*This crowd are speaking both Dutch and English. Translations:

Vreemde: Weird!

Iedereen y uitgepraat: Literally 'everybody stop talking'. Everybody be quiet!

*A large majority of the people at this meeting have analogs in local reality, though I've left all but one unnamed. There are lots and lots of appreciative nods to RNW staff here, though.

*The island of Saint Kitt's does, or at least has, broadcast on 555kHz at relatively low power.

*Rochester, New York's WHAM really is on 1180kHz.

*Watrous, Saskatchewan and Fort Madison, Iowa do both broadcast on 540kHz. Iowa is much more commonly heard in northern North America, but occasionally, Sask gets through too.

*Summer in North America is not a good time to be listening to lower-frequency stations; there is static of various sorts everywhere.

*1000kHz is the frequency used by Chicago's WMVP, a very strong sports talk station indeed.

*The States and Canada space their radio stations 10kHz apart. Europe, parts of if not the entire continent of Africa, the Middle East, and India all use 9kHz steps instead.

*1440kHz really is known as a graveyard frequency. There isn't much audible on it in the northern U.S. to the casual listener. Further south, signals are stronger.

*RNW has, or has had, language services in English, Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Bahasa (Indonesia, not Malayu). Whether or not half the Bahasa service has ever been felled by the flu, I don't know!

Date: 2017-09-17 04:48 am (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
I used to work as a radio engineer in NYC - I can't prove it, but I'm pretty sure I was the first woman radio engineer in the city (I started in 1970). And I always worked the overnight shift when I could, or the second shift if the overnight wasn't available; not only did I get paid a shift bonus, but I'm nocturnal by nature :-)

Minor nitpicks, although these only apply in this universe:
  • The AM, or "medium wave band, is not suitable for international broadcasting, because even at night and with the best possible atmospheric conditions, the signal very rarely travels more than a few hundred miles. Transmitters in the US are limited by law to a maximum power of 50,000 watts. There used to be a number of AM transmitters just over the border in Mexico that operated at power levels up to 100,000 watts, and often could be heard all over the continental US, but a treaty in 1972 made many of them lower their power output... although there still are some blasting away, especially at night.
  • WTAM, at 1100 kHz, is in Cleveland. WINS is at 1010, it's in NYC, and it's all-news. There are dozens of stations at 1000 and 1440 kHz. Oh, heck, just put the frequency followed by a space and the letters AM into Wikipedia, and you can find out what's on any AM frequency (it also works for FM, but the numbers are things like 89.3 or 101.7).
  • Almost all receivers you can buy today are digital, which (among other things) means you can't tune in between the 10-kHz increments. This is completely true for car radios, but also very common with tabletop radios (assuming you can even get one that receives AM any more - I just had to buy a new clock-radio, and I found very few that were equipped for AM). In Europe, the AM stations are spaced 9 kHz apart.
  • The US government has long operated international broadcasts from the Voice of America, although they are all on various shortwave bands. So do many other countries. (See above for why they use shortwave, not medium wave.)

(I do suppose that T-Ace might want to be in on this...)

Date: 2017-09-17 08:20 am (UTC)
kengr: (Default)
From: [personal profile] kengr
GE Great Awakening clock radio dates back to the 80s, and had digital tuning. I really miss mine as it had keypad entry of frequencies and times.

Also had two alarms and programmable snooze time (that stuck, unlike modern ones where you can enter a time other than the default, but it goes back to the default as soon as you hit the "snooze" button.

Date: 2017-09-17 09:17 am (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
I found it very frustrating when I went to buy a new clock radio a month or two ago. I need dual alarms, and I also need AM, because the news stations in NYC are all AM - there's no FM news station here (which is kinda weird). The very few that do receive AM have a cheesy ferrite stick antenna which can barely pull in a signal from ten miles away, but they're very good at picking up every source of interference imaginable, from the old CRT monitor in the next room, to the microwave in the kitchen downstairs, to the 2-way radio in the cop car driving past, to the Sawzall being used a block away. I don't use "snooze", but the procedure for setting each separate alarm is too Byzantine to describe here - suffice it to say that every button has at least three unrelated functions, depending on what "mode" the device is in.

Date: 2017-09-17 09:11 am (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
At one of the AM stations where I worked, the mail room would deliver all DX reports to the chief engineer. He knew the station's power and pattern better than his tongue knew his teeth, and he was always amused when he got a really far-away DX, because he also knew that the ionosphere was not regulated by the FCC :-)
(Incidentally, the Rocky Mountains form somewhat of a barrier to AM radio; you're not likely to hear a station from LA in NY, nor a Chicago station in LA.)

Okay, at the turn of the 21st century, tabletop and portable radios mostly still had continuous tuning by means of a knob or dial - only a few very high-end ones had digital tuning with locked-in increments. But car radios were almost all digital by then - punching a button to move exactly 10 kHz up or down distracts the driver far less than twiddling a knob does.

Date: 2017-09-17 02:25 pm (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
There are an awful lot of stations broadcasting on 1440 (see above), so even a more powerful signal might be indecipherable through all the noise.

I've never DXed a station further west than St. Louis, Missouri - and that was nearly sixty years ago :-(

Date: 2017-09-17 03:42 pm (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
It's designated as a "regional frequency"; none of those stations are located in major cities, and I daresay many, if not most, are licensed for only 10KW.

Date: 2017-09-18 03:16 am (UTC)
acelightning: the famous photo of Earth seen from space (Earth)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
I do like the notion of the Netherlands heading a collaboration to basically reverse the Voice of America, and beam information/"beneficial propaganda" into the US :-)

But, yeah, they're going to have to do it very, very carefully!

Oh, and what does "orange!verse" mean?

Date: 2017-09-19 09:17 am (UTC)
acelightning: the purple glow inside a Farnsworth Fusor (fusor)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Is the "scarlet!verse" this world, or Terramagne?

Date: 2017-09-20 05:57 am (UTC)
acelightning: the purple glow inside a Farnsworth Fusor (fusor)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Okay, that's probably enough of an explanation for me...

Date: 2017-09-17 01:06 pm (UTC)
siliconshaman: black cat against the moon (Default)
From: [personal profile] siliconshaman
Huh, that explains why when the weather was just right, I could pick up Mexican stations.. over here in England!

Although it was more often Russian ones... but back in the 80's I don't think anything their side of the Iron Curtain broadcast at powers under 100Kw. [I guess nowadays that's changed.]

Date: 2017-09-17 02:30 pm (UTC)
acelightning: lightning bolt in a blue-purple sky, the word 'lightning' flashing (lightning)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Wow, that must have been during a sunspot maximum!

Date: 2017-09-17 02:29 pm (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Those 100kw Mexican blasters were amazing!

Radio Moscow had many programs in English, including some that were specifically aimed at the UK, but I thought Radio Moscow was all shortwave. Were you picking them up on the AM band?

Date: 2017-09-17 02:57 pm (UTC)
siliconshaman: black cat against the moon (Default)
From: [personal profile] siliconshaman
I dunno.. I don't speak Russian! but I'm guessing it was mostly domestic stuff on the AM band, some FM as well. Although there was one Longwave station I got fairly often that I think was Mongolian... there's enough difference in language that you can hear it even if you don't understand it, and it sounded similar to other recordings of the Mongolian dialect. [mostly BBC documentaries since this was in the primitive internet days and pre-mp3.]

Marconi knows what power they were transmitting at...but I'm betting it was something ridiculously high since they obviously intended to blast that signal all across the Steppes. I did wonder why longwave, but then it occurred to me that a] they probably have enough space for some whopping big areal runs... and b] the russian 'woodpecker' early warning radar is up in that area somewhere, making a wide section of the spectrum unusable.

I did love it when I got those Mexican stations, the music was amazing!

Date: 2017-09-17 03:37 pm (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
If you heard FM broadcasts from Russia, it had to be "skip", the higher FM frequencies bouncing merrily off the ionosphere. The "woodpecker" was all over the shortwave bands, switching frequencies unpredictably. (Looking at the pictures in that Wikipedia article, I note a strong resemblance to British radar arrays from the early part of WW II.) They stopped using the Duga radar when they developed satellites that could do a much better job of detecting stuff coming over the horizon.

Mexican music, along with most other Hispanic-American music, really is amazing! Makes you dance even when you're sitting down!

Date: 2017-09-18 03:23 am (UTC)
acelightning: G-clef crossed by lightning bolt (music3)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Quebecois folk music sounds a lot like Breton folk music to me - that mixture of Celtic and French. And, yes, it its own way, it's just as "motivating" as salsa and reggaeton :-)

Date: 2017-09-18 02:56 am (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Are you receiving those Mexican stations on a typical AM receiver with a "loopstick" (ferrite rod) antenna?

Date: 2017-09-17 07:08 am (UTC)
mirrorofsmoke: The words "We are Groot" and a picture of Baby Groot on an icon with a swirly galaxy background. (Default)
From: [personal profile] mirrorofsmoke
This poem makes me personally super super happy. Because radio broadcasting is kinda a thing to me... It's a long story. We bodily grew up on radio more than TV both AM and FM and it makes us sad we don't have a working radio in our fiancee's house yet.

But me personally. I'm one of those people who comes from something media, and in my source material, I ran a pirate radio station complaining about how dead the suburb I lived in is... So this poem hit me close to my warm, fuzzy heart. Good job.

Mark

Date: 2017-09-17 01:10 pm (UTC)
siliconshaman: black cat against the moon (Default)
From: [personal profile] siliconshaman
Hmm... I wonder if they could broadcast at 1444kHz? That's a resonant frequency for the magnetosphere IIRC. You'd get a hell of long throw, maybe... if anyone could hear you over the noise.
Edited Date: 2017-09-17 01:11 pm (UTC)

Date: 2017-09-17 02:49 pm (UTC)
acelightning: drawing of radio tower transmitting (radio tower animation)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
As I pointed out above, 1440 kHz is pretty well occupied, especially in the US. But the resonant wavelength of the "cavity" contained by the ionosphere is a multiple of the circumference of the Earth - and that long a wave would have a very low frequency. IIRC, it's about 7 Hz.
Edited Date: 2017-09-17 02:49 pm (UTC)

Date: 2017-09-17 03:07 pm (UTC)
siliconshaman: black cat against the moon (Default)
From: [personal profile] siliconshaman
Well, the primary resonant frequency varies between 4.8(ish) and 7.34 Hz... but I was thinking in terms of harmonics. Although if anyone could transmit at that low a frequency it'd have an amazing reach... and I think that was what the HAARP project was/is partly about. [leaving aside conspiracy theories.]

But yeah, spectrum crowding is a problem.

Date: 2017-09-17 03:25 pm (UTC)
acelightning: lightning bolt in a blue-purple sky, the word 'lightning' flashing (lightning)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
At one time I had a strong interest in the ELF (what an acronym!) radio that was used to communicate with submerged submarines, and they were using harmonics of the basic 7.83 Hz resonant frequency of the planet. I always wished I could get near one of the transmitter arrays, but I never managed it. I noticed, working around various radio transmitters, that RF got me high, and the lower the frequency, the higher I got; it also dramatically enhanced my telepathic abilities (and the other psi phenomena as well). I figured if 660 kHz made me giggly, I'd really love stuff in the 3 to 300 Hz range - and 7 Hz might just let me hear the Goddess talking to me directly :-D

Date: 2017-09-17 03:41 pm (UTC)
siliconshaman: black cat against the moon (Default)
From: [personal profile] siliconshaman
Hmm... inverse square law. If the actual areal was fairly close to you, you wouldn't need that high a power transmitter... and something that generates a 7.83 Hz signal would probably be easy enough to build... the areal would a bit tricky though. [and my autocorrent is screwed up]

But if it's just an RF field, at that low a frequency you could set up a pair of parallel magnetic coils big enough to stand between, and use an sine-wave oscillating DC current into them, so the field flip-flops.

Date: 2017-09-18 03:05 am (UTC)
acelightning: lightning bolt in a blue-purple sky, the word 'lightning' flashing (lightning)
From: [personal profile] acelightning
Well, I first noticed the effect while working in a radio station whose studio and transmitter were in the same building - 10 KW feeding three phased towers, the nearest of which was maybe 20 meters from the building. So I'm not sure that a few tens of watts, even at point-blank range, would do it. And I don't have any of the equipment necessary to perform the experiment :-(

Date: 2017-09-17 10:53 pm (UTC)
mama_kestrel: (Default)
From: [personal profile] mama_kestrel
This poem has been sponsored by the midnight sponsor, and I'll be calling you that for ages now, you know

*chuckle* Works for me!

And so does the poem. The gradual shift from realizing how bad things have become in the States to saying somebody should do something to "we should do something" to concrete discussion of risks and methods and possible allies is very well done. How does the rest of the world respond, if America is no longer the "Land of the Free"?

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